Dollar Cost Averaging: A Technique of Investing the Same Dollar Amount

The technique of regularly investing a specific dollar amount, independent of the share price, is known as dollar cost averaging. Forming a disciplined investing habit, increasing investment efficiency, and reducing stress and expenses is a terrific method.

Say you put $100 down each month. Your $100 will purchase fewer shares when the market is up but more shares when the market is down. As compared to what you would have spent if you had purchased all of your shares at once while they were more costly than the average, this technique may lower your average cost per share.

The dollar-cost averaging method’s three advantages

There are several circumstances where a one-time purchase is preferable to dollar-cost averaging. Yet, dollar-cost averaging offers three main advantages that might lead to higher profits. First, it can assist you with the following:

  • Avoid trading erratically.
  • Put emotion aside while investing.
  • Think more distantly

Dollar-cost averaging protects investors against their psychological biases, in other words. For example, investors are prone to make irrational trading decisions when the market sways because they oscillate between fear and greed.

Yet, if you’re dollar-cost averaging, you’ll also be purchased at a reasonable price and perhaps positioning yourself for long-term profits when people are selling out of panic. Dollar-cost averaging might help you see that a bear market or stock market crash could be a fantastic long-term investment opportunity rather than a threat because the market tends to rise over time.

Dollar-cost averaging’s advantages

It develops wise financial practices. Even if you know you should often invest, diverting funds aside for investments might be tempting. However, you’re less likely to lose the money you invest, more likely to learn investing discipline, and more likely to adhere to your plan if you set up regular automated payments.

It keeps you receptive to possibilities. Even for seasoned investors, market timing—predicting exactly when the market will peak or bottom and buying and selling in that manner—is nearly impossible. Dollar-cost averaging makes you more likely to be home when an opportunity comes knocking.

What Might Be the Drawbacks of Dollar-Cost Averaging?

Dollar-cost averaging is a practical method for reducing risk. Yet, investors who use this investing approach may give out better profits. This is because when you use dollar-cost averaging, you keep your money in cash for a longer time, which lowers risk but frequently yields lesser returns than investing in one big payment, especially over extended periods.

If the market increases while you are dollar-cost averaging, you risk missing out on the gains you might have made if you had invested everything at once.

This only applies to a scenario like your 401(k), as you invest the funds there as you earn them rather than storing them in cash until later.


Dollar-cost averaging can help investors detach themselves from their emotions. It forces you to keep investing the same (or about the same) amount despite changes in the market, thereby assisting you in resisting the need to time the market.

Buying more shares of an investment when the share price is low and fewer shares when the share price is high is known as dollar-cost averaging. In time, this may lead to a lower average cost per share.

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